These two common abbreviations stand for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), two of cannabis’s main active compounds. THC is the psychoactive part of the plant, CBD is not. THC produces the effects commonly described as “high,” sometimes stimulating and sometimes calming. CBD eases anxiety and promotes relaxation without any psychoactive effects.


Originating in Equatorial regions, Sativa Cannabis varieties are typically lanky with short thin leaves. Sativa dominant varieties tend to have a spicy or floral aroma. Popularly known for their uplifting positive mood enhancing effects. Typically used for creativity and socialization.


Originating in Central Asia, Indica Cannabis varieties are typically short structured with wide leaves. Indica dominant varieties tend to give off earthy or musky aromas. Popularly known for their relaxing or sedative effects. Typically used for some rest and relaxation.


Hybrid Cannabis varieties are a combination of Indica and Sativa. Hybridization has created a growing plethora of varieties with traits from both Indica and Sativa. Hybrids represent the vast majority of the strains on the market due to their resilience to growing environments.


Smoking for generations has been the most popular method of consuming cannabis due to it’s fast acting results, even your grandmother knows that!



Vaporizing is becoming more and more popular. Vapour is released by heating cannabis between 180 and 220 Celsius. This temperature is below the point of combustion and reduces smoke inhalation.


Oils & Extracts

Cannabis Oils & Extracts are ingested orally. They generally take between 30-90 minutes to take full effect. This also results in longer lasting effects, usually in the 4 to 8-hour range.



Maybe not sushi, but edibles and soft drinks are becoming one of the most popular ways to consume cannabis. The onset and duration will be similar to oils and extracts.



Topicals are cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils. They are absorbed through the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. Because they are non-intoxicating, topicals are often chosen by patients who want the therapeutic benefits of marijuana without the “high” associated with other delivery methods.